Teach a Child how To Read
From the beginning to reading comprehension, there are seven main steps to teaching reading.
Step 1: Teach individual letter sounds: Students must learn individual sounds in words as well as the fact that words are made up of tiny sound segments and phonemes. Phonemic knowledge is the ability to recognize individual sounds and to comprehend the relationship between letters and spoken sounds (phonics).
Make a point of emphasizing both the obvious beginning sounds and the ending sounds. It’s easy to forget the importance of listening for ending sounds, but it’s crucial.
Step 2: Teach sound blends: Emphasize sound blends like st, fl, dr, sh, and digraphs like ch, ck, and ph, as well as digraphs like ch, ck, and ph. When these letters are combined, they produce distinct tones, or phonemes.
Step 3: Teach complete sentences:
The ability to use sound-symbol relationships is needed for whole-word recognition or word identification. This is a vital skill that students can devote time to mastering.
Bat, cat, pat, sat, and other word families are relevant at this point. Throughout the whole-word reading process, pay particular attention to vowels, particularly when distinguishing between short /i/ and short /e/ (as in /pit/ and /pet/).
Some sight words are picked up inadvertently or in the course of daily life. Certain terms can only be understood by their presence, and EFL students can understand and tend to “read” signs and ads such as NIKE, Pepsi, and other brand names.
Here are some resources you can use to encourage EFL students to recognize sight words as they develop:
Matching and word search games are examples of word games.
Flashcards or reader books with a large number of sight words are useful.
Dictionaries with pictures.
Rhymes and poetry that is amusing.
Step 4: Present definitions: Ascertain that students understand the context of each word they encounter. You may show the meanings in a variety of ways, including sketches, images, miming, and so on. Don’t forget to double-check your interpretation of the definitions on a regular basis.
Make sure students can tell the difference between different meanings and go over words that sound the same but have different spellings and meanings.
Step 5: Teach word parts: Prefixes, root words, suffixes, and word derivations are all essential to teach. Students would be able to understand more words if they are familiar with these pieces. For example, if an elementary school student understands the meanings of “bed” and “room,” they can easily comprehend the meaning of “bedroom.”
Step 6: Encourage students to place words in contexts: Encouraging students to put each word in context is an effective technique. Students who can put words together in sentences can show that they have mastered reading and language use.
Step 7: Teach reading comprehension
Teaching reading comprehension is essential to achieve the enjoyment of reading or reading for pleasure and for understanding the informational text. Several important techniques to check reading comprehension can be used. You can ask students to:
- retell, summarize, or paraphrase what you’ve read.
- make inferences or draw conclusions.
- sequence events.
- compare and contrast, etc.
My information comes from an experiment that made me teach my daughter to read easily and in smart ways
from here Reading Head Start